NGO Regulation bill: A grave danger to Nigeria’s Democracy

Featured September 7, 2017

The on-going attempt by the National Assembly to pass a law to control and undermine the operations of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should be condemned by every Nigerian. In the grand scheme, this NGO Bill will create a government apparatus with ungoverned discretion to determine whether an NGO exists or for how long it will operate based on the dominant political whims of the day. As drafted, it has no place in a democracy and is clearly intended to encourage the excesses of bad government. It also violates Nigeria’s constitutional guarantees of freedom of association, assembly, speech and even of freedom of conscience and religion. It will license unconstitutional discrimination too.

NGOs have been integral to Nigeria’s democratization. Because of the sacrifices and leadership of NGOs in confronting years of military misrule, members of the National Assembly can have the benefits and powers they enjoy today. In those years, soldiers branded NGO activists as anti-government or sponsored by foreign interests to destabilize. Thankfully, these voices remain active in Nigeria today in the difficult task of keeping government in check.

The proposals in this NGO Bill suggest that Nigeria’s Honourable Members and Distinguished Senators desire to bring back to life all the intolerance and high handedness of military rule, by clamping down on voluntary organizations, stifling free speech, restricting other political freedoms and dishonouring the tremendous sacrifices that ordinary Nigerians make to sustain their civic life.

It is already public knowledge that there is an extensive body of legislation governing the activities of NGOs in Nigeria. Nigeria’s problem is not an absence of legislation but with implementing them effectively.

In September 2017, the Nigerian House of Representatives Committee on Civil Society will hold a public hearing on the Bill. Every Nigerian of goodwill should lend their voices in condemning this bill and encourage the National Assembly to withdraw it from consideration. Nothing justifies the consideration or passage of this toxic piece of legislation. Current events in other African countries should remind us of the grave danger posed by the kind of unfettered powers that this Bill seeks to grant government.

Nigeria is going through one of its most difficult times. Nigeria’s democracy is endangered. The executive is operating in disturbing levels of opacity. The reputation of the judiciary remains mired in serious allegations of corruption. Many Nigerians are suffering the consequences of negative economic growth, leading to desperate livelihood conditions. Insecurity afflicts nearly every part of the country in the form of Boko Haram atrocities, inter-communal conflicts, rising kidnappings, massive fatalities from conflicts between pastoralists and farmers, and growing number of internally displaced persons (IDPs). Poor health outcomes and indicators as a result of the continual reduction of life expectancy, increase in the incidence of malnutrition, high rate of maternal and child mortality among others.

In the face of these existential problems, this NGO Bill is a distraction, a threat to Nigeria’s hard-won democracy and a dis-incentive to investment at a time that the country need it. It is both insensitive and unconscionable. Along with other proposals such as the Bill to regulate social media content, grant amnesty to treasury looters and give immunity to legislators, it is part of a growing list of abuse of legislative powers.

It is important that the Nigerian National Assembly at this point should have an honest examination of its actions and take steps to salvage its credibility. This is the time for the Nigerian National Assembly to prioritise the serious business of the people by helping the country get out of its current difficulties. If it chooses this path, it will find willing and enthusiastic partners in Nigeria’s vibrant civil society and NGO community.


1  Chief Maina Kiai,

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Freedom of Association

2  Ayo Obe,

Former President, Civil Liberties Organisation, CLO

3  Olisa Agbakoba, SAN,

Life Bencher & former President, Nigerian Bar Association (NBA), Lagos Nigeria

4  Femi Falana, SAN,

Former President, West African Bar Association (WABA)

5   Edetaen Ojo,

Co-Chair, National Steering Committee, Nigeria Open Government Partnership (OGP) and Executive Director, Media Rights Agenda.

 6   Prof. Chetan Bhatt,

Director, Centre for the Study of Human Rights, London School of Economics & Political Science, (LSE), London UK

 7   Idayat Hassan

Executive Director, Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) West Africa, Abuja Nigeria

8   Saudatu Mahdi

Executive Director, Women’s Rights Advancement and Protection Alternative (WRAPA), Nigeria

 9   Dr Wale Okediran

Former Member, House of Representatives, Abuja.

10   Dr Ben Anyene

Chairman, National Immunization Financing Task Team (NIFT) and Chairman, Health Sector Reform Coalition, Abuja Nigeria

11    Amma Ogan,

Former Editor, The Independent Newspaper, South Africa

 12   Dr Jibrin Ibrahim,

Senior Fellow, Centre for Democracy & Development West Africa, (CDD West Africa) Abuja Nigeria

 13   Dapo Olorunyomi,

Publisher, Premium Times Newspaper, Abuja Nigeria

14  Dr Otive Igbuzor

Executive Director, African Centre for Leadership, Strategy and Development (Centre LSD), Abuja Nigeria

 15  Yunusa Ya’u,

Executive Director, Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD), Kano Nigeria

16    Innocent Chukwuma,

Founder, CLEEN Foundation

17   Olusegun Adeniyi,

Chairman, Editorial Board, Thisday Newspapers, Lagos Nigeria

18   Simon Kolawole,

Publisher, The Cable, Abuja Nigeria

19   Dr Kole Shettima,

Director of Africa Office, MacArthur Foundation, Abuja Nigeria

20    Prof.  Adele Jinadu,

Emeritus President, African Political Science Association

21   Prof Nsongurua Udombana,

Pro-Chancellor, Ritman University, Ikot-Ekpene

22   Dr. Chidi Anselm Odinkalu,

Chairman, Governing Council, Section on Public Interest & Development Law (SPIDEL), Nigerian Bar Association (NBA)

23   Pascal K Kambale,

Human Rights lawyer; former law reform commissioner, the Democratic Republic of Congo

24   Yusufu Pam,

Former Attorney-General, Plateau State;

25    Prof Ayo Atsenuwa,

Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, Nigeria

26   Adetokunbo Mumuni,

Executive Director, Socio-Economic Rights & Accountability Project (SERAP), Lagos Nigeria

27   Dr. Kolawole Olaniyan,

Legal Adviser, Amnesty International Nigeria, Abuja Nigeria

28   Eze Anaba,

Editor, Vanguard Newspaper

29   Ayisha Osori,

Chair, Board of Directors, Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA), Abuja Nigeria

30   Makmid Kamara,

Deputy Director & Ag. Head of ESCR Team, Amnesty International, London UK

31   Osai Ojigho,

Director, Amnesty International Nigeria, Abuja Nigeria

32   Achieng Maureen Akena,

Executive Director, The Pan African Citizens Network (formerly CCPAU), Nairobi Kenya

33  Dinah Musindarwezo,

Executive Director, African Women’s Development and Communication Network (FEMNET), Nairobi Kenya

34   Martha Makenge,

Ag. Chief Executive Officer / Programmes Coordinator, East African Civil Society Organizations’ Forum, (EACSOF), Nairobi Kenya

35  Chido Onumah,

Coordinator, African Centre for Media & Information Literacy, Abuja Nigeria

36  Dr Isaac ‘Asume’ Osuoka,

Director, Social Development Integrated Centre (Social Action), Port Harcourt, Nigeria

37  ‘Gbenga Sesan,

Executive Director, Paradigm Initiative, Lagos Nigeria

38   Oluseun Onigbinde,

Lead Partner, BudgIT Nigeria, Lagos Nigeria

39   Dr Bronwen Manby,

Visiting Senior Fellow, Centre for the Study of Human Rights, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), London UK

40  Samson Itodo

Executive Director, Youth Initiative for Advocacy, Growth & Advancement (YIAGA), Abuja Nigeria

41   Seember Nyager,

Chief Executive Officer, Public and Private Development Centre (PPDC), Abuja Nigeria

42  Akwe Amosu,

Chief Integration Officer, Open Society Foundations, New York, USA

43  Dismas Nkunda,

Executive Director, Atrocities Watch-Africa, Kampala, Uganda

44  Agnes Ebo’o,

Founder, Citizens Governance Initiative, Yaounde, Cameroon

45  ‘Yemi  Adamolekun

Executive Director, EiE Nigeria, Lagos Nigeria

46   Udo Jude Ilo

Country Officer and Head of Office, Open Society Initiative for West ​Africa (OSIWA), Abuja Nigeria

47   Dr Benson Olugbuo,

Executive Director, CLEEN Foundation

48    Iheoma Obibi

Executive Director, Alliances for Africa, London Uk

49  Ms Blessing Oparaocha

Coordinator, Nigeria Feminist Forum, Lagos Nigeria.

50   Auwal ‘Rasfanjani’ Musa 

Exective Director, CISLAC, Abuja Nigeria,

51   Bar Eze Onyekpere Executive Director,Centre for Social Justice (CSJ), Abuja Nigeria

 52   Abiodun Baiyewu

Executive Director, Global Rights, Abuja Nigeria

53    Dr. Emma Sokpo

Director, Network for Health Equity and Development (NHED), Abuja Nigeria

54   Prof Mike Ogirima

National President, Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Abuja Nigeria